The purpose of a water distribution system is to provide an adequate and reliable supply of safe water to its users. Operation and maintenance are those activities needed to continuously fulfil this purpose. The difference between operation and maintenance is that operation involves activities necessary to deliver the service, while maintenance involves activities that keep the system in good operating condition Operation includes monitoring the system state, running the system and enforcing policies and procedures. Maintenance entails condition assessment, servicing, repair and replacement of system components. When maintenance is done before a system element fails in order to prevent it from failing, this is called proactive maintenance. Maintenance done after a component failure is called reactive maintenance. Operation and maintenance of a water distribution system can be greatly affected by the system design and construction practices used. For instance, a design that specifies unsuitable pipe materials or pipes that are damaged during construction may lead to major future operation and maintenance problems for the system. Cost is a major factor in the provision of municipal services and thus it is important that operation and maintenance is done in such a way that the required level of service is provided at the minimum cost over the long term. It is often possible to save major costs in the future by using higher quality components or performing preventative maintenance, even though it will be cheaper not to do this in the short term

Cubic provides operation, maintenance and repair services to the water supply facilities/transfer stations, and water wells complete with submersible pump, generator, associated electrical and piping distribution plus transfer lines to the final destination.